Bedsores are areas of skin irritation or sores that most commonly arise over boney processes such as the hip, knee, shoulder and elbow. They develop when pets are immobile, have reduced muscle mass and spend a lot of time lying on the side putting pressure on these areas. The lack of movement and pressure results in a lack of blood flow and skin cell death. Sores begin as a round reddened discoloration. With time the skin will look like a scab only to fall off leaving a round, full thickness defect, or decubital ulcer.
Movement and removal of pressure on the skin, coupled with clean, soft bedding is the best prevention of bedsores.
Rotating your pet frequently through the day, placing folded towels between the legs to eliminate pressure, and ensuring your pet does not spend too much time lying in the same position will also help to prevent bedsores.